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Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations, the Federal Aviation Regulations, are provided here for your reference.  To review most FAQ's about getting started in flying, this link is provided to the FAA site for your convenience. The information is based on FAA's rules, but is in a simplified form. You can read the FAA rules on pilot certification in Part 61 of Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations.

PROFESSIONAL PILOT 

Includes certification for Commercial, with Single & Multi Engine Land Class ratings, Instrument rating.

GENERAL REQUIREMENTS:

1.         Private Pilot Certificate.

2.         18 years of age at testing.

3.         3rd Class medical & able to obtain 2nd Class.

4.         Read, speak write & understand English language.

5.         Pass knowledge & practical test.

AERONAUTICAL KNOWLEDGE:

1.     Applicable Federal Aviation Regulations that relate to commercial pilot privileges, limitations and flight operations;

2.      Accident reporting requirements of the National Transportation Safety Board;

3.      Basic aerodynamics and the principles of flight;

4.      Meteorology to include recognition of critical weather situations, windshear recognition and avoidance and the use of aeronautical weather reports and forecasts;

5.      Safe and efficient operation of aircraft;

6.      Weight and balance computations;

7.      Use of performance charts;

8.       Significance and effects of exceeding aircraft performance limitations.

9.       Use of aeronautical charts and a magnetic compass for pilotage and dead reckoning;

10.     Use of air navigation facilities;

11.    Aeronautical decision making and judgment;

12.     Principles and functions of aircraft systems;

13.     Maneuvers, procedures and emergency operations appropriate to the aircraft;

14.     Night and high altitude operations;

15.     Procedures for operating within the National Airspace System;

16.     Federal Aviation Regulations that apply to flight operations under IFR;

17.     Appropriate information that applies to flight operations under IFR in the Aeronautical Information Manual.

18.     Air traffic control system and procedures for instrument flight operations.

19.     IFR navigation and approaches by use of navigation systems;

20.     Use of IFR en route and instrument approach procedure charts;

21.     Procurement and use of aviation weather reports and forecasts and the elements of forecasting weather trends based on that information and personal observation of weather conditions;

22.     Safe and efficient operation of aircraft under instrument flight rules and conditions;

23.     Recognition of critical weather situations and windshear avoidance;

24.     Aeronautical decision making and judgment;

25.     Crew resource management, including crew communication and coordination.

 AERONAUTICAL EXPERIENCE:  Minimum of 250 hours of flight time as a pilot that consists of at least:

1.       100 hours in powered aircraft, of which 50 hours must be in airplanes.

2.       100 hours of pilot-in-command flight time, which includes at least:

a.    50 hours in airplanes; and

b.   50 hours in cross-country flight of which at least 10 hours must be in airplanes.

3.       20 hours of training on the following:

a.    Preflight  preparation;

b.   Preflight procedures;

c.    Airport and seaplane base operations;

d.   Takeoffs, landings and go-arounds;

e.    Performance maneuvers;

f.     Navigation;

g.    Slow flight and stalls;

h.    Emergency operations;

i.      Multi engine operations;

j.     High altitude operations;

k.   Air traffic control clearances and procedures;

l.      Flight by reference to instruments;

m.  Navigation systems;

n.    Instrument approach procedures.

o.   Postflight procedures.

4.       40 hours of instrument training:

a.    At least15 hours of instrument flight training from an authorized instructor, of which 5 hours must be in a multi engine airplane;

b.   At least 3 hours of instrument training within 60 days preceding the date of the test.

5.       10 hours of training in a multi engine airplane that has a retractable landing gear, flaps and controllable pitch propeller.

6.       One cross country flight of at least 2 hours in a multiengine airplane in day VFR conditions, consisting of a total straight-line distance of more than 100 nautical miles from the original point of departure.

7.       One cross country flight of at least 2 hours multiengine airplane in night VFR conditions, consisting of a total straight-line distance of more than 100 nautical miles from the original point of departure.

8.       3 hours in a multi engine airplane in preparation for the practical test within the 60 day period preceding the date of the test.

9.       10 hours of solo flight time in a multi engine airplane or 10 hours of flight time performing the duties of pilot in command in a multi engine airplane with an authorized instructor.

10.     One cross country flight of not less than 300 nautical miles total distance with landings at a minimum of three points, one of which is a straight line distance of at least 250 nautical miles from the original departure point.

11.     5 hours in night VFR conditions with 10 takeoffs and 10 landings (with each landing involving a flight with a traffic pattern) at an airport with an operating control tower.

COST:
AIRCRAFT - BE C23
150 Hours @ $111.30 (tax and fuel included) = $ 16,695.00

AIRCRAFT PA 23
50 Hours @ $157.50 (tax and fuel included) = $ 7,875.00

INSTRUCTOR SINGLE
150 Hours @ $36.00 = $ 5,400.00

MULTI INSTRUCTOR
50 Hours @ $44.00 = $ 2,200.00

GROUND INSTRUCTION (ONE ON ONE)
100 Hours @ $24.00 = $ 2,400.00

TRAINING MATERIALS = $ 300.00

FAA TESTING FEES
4 flight tests & 2 knowledge tests = $ 1,300.00

APPROXIMATE TOTAL COST: $ 36,170.00